Italian Citizenship by Descent

Aug 02, 2018

Italian citizenship(cittadinanza italiana) is based upon the principle of jure sanguinis (blood right), meaning the child born of an Italian father or mother is also an Italian citizen.



 

People whose ancestors were Italian may be able to acquire citizenship, depending on a number of factors such as the date and place of birth of their parents, grandparents, and even of their great-grandparents. Citizenship is passed on from parent to child without limitation of generation, on the condition that none of the ancestors has ever renounced their citizenship. When a person claims to be of Italian parentage or ancestry but no proof of the fact can be found in Italian registers (i.e. citizenship claimed by great-grandparents), it is necessary to provide proof that all ancestors have maintained, and thereby passed on, their Italian citizenship. The acquisition of Italian citizenship does not bring any tax obligations, which are instead linked to moving residency in Italy.

If any one of the below scenario applies, a foreign citizen may be entitled to Italian citizenship (exceptions may apply depending on various factors):

 

 


The applicant’s father was born in Italy

and

  • was an Italian citizen at the time of the applicant’s birth, and
  • the applicant never renounced his/her right to Italian citizenship

Example: Italian ancestor, Michele, was born in Naples on May 16th 1936. He moves to London in 1954. His son, Emiliano, was born in London on November 28th, 1960. Emiliano is born an Italian citizen as his father never renounced his Italian citizenship.

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The applicant’s mother was born in Italy

and

  • was an Italian citizen at the time of the applicant’s birth
  • the applicant was born after January 1st, 1948 and
  • the applicant never renounced his/her right to Italian citizenship.

Example: Italian ancestor, Gloria, was born in Milan on February 11th, 1930 and she became a naturalized Canadian citizen in 1971. Her son, Andrew, was born in Canada in 1952. Andrew is able to apply for Italian citizenship, as his mother was an Italian citizen at the time of his birth, and Andrew never renounced his right to Italian citizenship.

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The applicant’s father was born in a foreign Country, his/her paternal grandfather or grandmother was born in Italy

and was an Italian citizen at the time of the applicant’s father’s birth neither the applicant nor the applicant’s father ever renounced the right to Italian citizenship

Example: Italian ancestor, Pietro, was born in Florence on September 9th 1880, he emigrated to Argentina in 1910 and became a naturalized Argentinian citizen in 1940. His son, Raffaele, was born in Argentina in 1921. His grandchild, Tarcisio, was born in Argentina in 1952. Tarcisio is eligible to apply for Italian citizenship, proving that Raffaele and Tarcisio have never renounced Italian citizenship. If Tarcisio legally resides in Italy, he can apply for Italian citizenship at the relevant Town Hall where he has established his residency. If Tarcisio resides abroad, he can apply for Italian citizenship at the relevant Italian Consulate abroad.

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The applicant’s mother was born in a foreign Country, his/her maternal grandfather or grandmother was born in Italy

and

  • was an Italian citizen at the time of the applicant’s mother’s birth
  • the applicant was born after January 1, 1948, and
  • neither the applicant nor the applicant’s mother ever renounced the right to Italian citizenship

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The applicant’s paternal or maternal grandfather was born in a foreign Country, his/her paternal or maternal great-grandfather was born in Italy

and

  • was an Italian citizen at the time of the applicant’s paternal or maternal grandfather’s birth
  • neither the applicant nor the applicant’s father/mother or grandfather/grandmother ever renounced the right to Italian citizenship.

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Ancestry applications must be supported by vital records certificates (birth, marriage, death certificates) proving the relationship between the applicant and the Italian ancestors.

The eligibility assessment is also grounded on the consistency of information contained in those certificates, where discrepancies within names, dates, and places of birth may be an issue for the Italian authorities. Ancestry applications can either be filed at the Italian Consulate of your jurisdiction or directly in Italy with a fast-track process, provided that the applicant takes Legal residency in Italy.

 

Do you think you may qualify for Italian citizenship by Descent / through ancestry? Contact us for an initial assessment by filling out an online form, or send us via email to citizenship@mazzeschi.it .

This post was written by Content Manager
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