The average Italian lease contract is either 4+4 (four years with the option to renew for another four) or 3+2 (three years with the option to renew for another two).
But, under certain conditions (eg, the Tenant declares to have a temporary need, for example for a short assignment or for attending a 1-year course) contracts for shorter periods can be stipulated.
In any event, Tenants:
“The Tenant shall be entitled to terminate the contract at any time even without cause, by giving the Landlord a __ month advance written notice”
(i) The standard deposit, payable upon signing the contract, is equal to 2-3 months rent but this is negotiable. This only covers damage and not unpaid rent;
(ii) The deposit should be refunded by the Landlord within a reasonable time after termination, after checking whether there is any damage. It is always advisable to indicate in the contract a specific term (15–30 days) within which the deposit is to be refunded;
(iii) Customarily, the annual rent is increased every year by the inflation index calculated by Government Office (ISTAT);
(iv) There are often controversies at the end of the contract for the return of the deposit because landlords try to retain all or part of the deposit alleging damages. Accordingly, it would be preferable to offer a bank or insurance guarantee instead of paying a cash deposit.
The tenant is entitled by law to terminate the contract at any time with a 6-month advance notice but only when serious grounds exist (to be proven by the tenant, such as the sudden repatriation of the individual for work reasons or grounded personal reasons).
Landlords, however, often oppose this request and therefore it is always advisable to include in the contract a specific clause that empowers the tenant to an earlier termination also in the absence of serious reasons.
On the expiry of the contract, the property must be returned to the owner in the same conditions, without prejudice to normal wear and tear. It is advisable to take photographs of the interior of the property before taking up occupation and exchange them with the landlord, to avoid any controversies at the end of the rent.
Many landlords hold the tenant responsible for repainting the interior of the property at the end of the lease alleging that this is not to be considered normal wear and tear. Therefore, the repaint clause, if included, must be carefully evaluated and the tenant should make sure that a complete repainting is not requested.
Realtors’ commission is normally one or two months’ rent or 10–20% of the annual rent but can be negotiated. make sure to:
The tenant is responsible for:
(a) paying water, gas and energy bills (to avoid disputes upon the termination of the contract, it is advisable to make sure that the relevant contracts are stipulated with the tenant);
(b) paying for all service charges pertaining to the property such as central heating, lift maintenance, stair cleaning, ordinary maintenance of the courtyard and garden, cold water from central systems;
(c) paying for any costs for the administration of the apartment building and waste tax. To assess the amount of such charges, it is advisable to request a copy of the previous year’s bill from the landlord.
(d) for costs pertaining to repairs to the sanitary fittings, electrical system, plumbing, gas and hot water systems, including annual emissions check on the boiler.
The landlord is responsible for all extraordinary expenses, such as:
Read carefully the contract because this provision can be derogated by the parties and there could be situations where the Landlord ask the Tenant to bear some additional costs.
The standard clause that should be included in the contract is:
As per art. 1576 Civil Code, the Landlord shall be responsible for all costs relative to necessary maintenance and repairs save for the costs of ordinary maintenance that shall be borne by the Tenant.
The landlord is not allowed to terminate the agreement before its expiry date, even if the agreement itself provides for this (such a clause would be null and void).
The first renewal of the lease is mandatory for the landlord and not for the tenant. In other words, the landlord can send the letter of termination, with six months’ notice, but must wait until the second expiry date of the contract (8 or 5 years) before it can take effect.
However, in exceptional cases (such as the need to use the property for personal use or sale of the property to a third party) provided by law, the landlord is allowed to terminate the lease on the first expiry date by sending a six months’ notice.
Disclaimer: The information provided on this article (i) does not, and is not intended to, constitute legal advice; (ii) are for general informational purposes only and may not constitute the most up-to-date legal or other information (iii) this website may contain links to other third-party websites. Such links are only for the convenience of the reader; (iv) readers should contact their attorney to obtain advice with respect to any particular legal matter.
Attorney at law.
One of the leading corporate immigration lawyers in Italy. Admitted to the Milan Bar Association (1988) and to the Taipei Bar Association (2016), a member of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) and an accredited partner of Invest in Tuscany.
Mazzeschi S.r.l. | Operazione/Progetto finanziato nel quadro del POR FESR Toscana 2014-2020
Il progetto ITACA (ITaly Attract ChinA) è un investimento nei paesi/mercati a lingua cinese, in particolare Taiwan con l’obiettivo di accrescere le quote di mercato dell'azienda. Tramite ITACA la Mazzeschi Srl ha aperto un ufficio a Taiwan con assunzione di personale di lingua cinese, creato un sito internet in lingua cinese e partecipato a fiere e varie attività di promozione a Taiwan.
Mazzeschi S.r.l. | Project co-financed under Tuscany POR FESR 2014-2020
The ITACA project (ITaly Attract ChinA) is a fund to invest in Chinese-speaking countries/markets, in particular Taiwan with the aim of increasing the company's market shares. With the help of ITACA project, Mazzeschi Srl has opened an office in Taiwan and has hired a Chinese-speaking staff, created a Chinese website and participated in fairs and various promotional activities in Taiwan.